Definition: Logic gates are basically electronic circuits that perform logical functions such as addition, subtraction, multiplication etc. For any digital system, it acts as an elemental building block and is able to make logical decisions. It performs logical functions in order to produce an output when two or more inputs are applied. Basically, the operation of logic gates is represented by algebraic expressions. To form a big logic network sometimes, the output of a gate is fed to the … [Read more...] about Logic gates

# Digital Electronics

## Half Subtractor

Definition: The Half Subtractor is a digital circuit which processes the subtraction of two 1-bit numbers. In this, the two numbers involved are termed as subtrahend and minuend. In the subtraction procedure, the subtrahend will be subtracted from minuend. The circuit of Half subtractor consists of two inputs and two outputs. The inputs of the half subtractor circuit will be subtrahend and minuend. On the other hand, the output will be the difference and the borrow. The word “HALF” before the … [Read more...] about Half Subtractor

## Parallel Binary Adder

Definition: The Parallel binary adder is a combinational circuit consists of various full adders in parallel structure so that when more than 1-bit numbers are to be added, then there can be full adder for every column for the addition. The number of full adders in a parallel binary adder depends on the number of bits present in the number for the addition. If 4-bits numbers are to be added, then there will be 4-full adder in the parallel binary adder. The parallel binary adder can be … [Read more...] about Parallel Binary Adder

## Half Adder

Definition: Half Adder is the digital circuit which can generate the result of the addition of two 1-bit numbers. It consists of two input terminal through which 1-bit numbers can be given for processing. After this, the half adder generates the sum of the numbers and carry if present. It is very easy to guess the working of the adder just by its name. This is because the word adder consists of keyword “ADD” which means to add any numbers. But what does this keyword “HALF” signifies. You … [Read more...] about Half Adder

## Demultiplexer

Definition: Demultiplexer performs the reverse operation of the multiplexer i.e. it takes a single output and can guide that single output through many outputs. The output to which the input signal is to be passed is decided by the control logic. The control logic can be manipulated by changing the value of the control signal. Thus, it is termed as the demultiplexer as it takes one input and generates several outputs. There can be various types of demultiplexer circuits depending on the … [Read more...] about Demultiplexer

## Digital Multiplexer

Definition: Multiplexer is a combinational logic circuit which allows only one input at a particular time to generate the output. The signals which control which input will be reflected at the output end is determined by the SELECT INPUT lines. A multiplexer is often written as MUX in the abbreviated form. It is also called as Many-to-One circuit. This is because of its ability to select one signal out of many inputs. The MUX is the very crucial component of the communication system. This is … [Read more...] about Digital Multiplexer

## Hexadecimal Number System

Hexadecimal Number System forms the backbone of the digital system such as microprocessors, microcontrollers etc. It is a number system which consists of 16 elements, in which 10 numbers from 0 to 9 and 6 alphabets from A to F are used. Any other number can be represented in the hexadecimal number system with the help of the combination of these 16 elements. The word hexadecimal is formed from two words, “HEX” and “DECIMAL”. Hex means 6 and decimal mean 10, the sum of these two is 16 which … [Read more...] about Hexadecimal Number System

## Octal Number System

The octal number system is a number system which uses eight digits to express any number. The digits used are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 & 7. All the other digits can be expressed using these 8 digits. You will never see 8 or 9 in any of the numbers in the octal system. The base of the octal number system or radix is 8. This is because the total number of digits in the number system is 8. The positional value of the digits in the octal system can be written in terms of 8 raises to the power the … [Read more...] about Octal Number System

## Binary Number System

Binary Number System comprises of two digits 0 & 1, thus, the base of the binary number system is 2. Thus, it is called as a base-2 system. It is much easier and simpler than decimal number system because it is comprised of only two digits. In binary number system, any number can be expressed by array of numbers in which each coefficient is calculated by successive power of 2. The representation of decimal numbers is done by expressing the digits of the number in power of 10. Similarly in … [Read more...] about Binary Number System

## Decimal Number System

The decimal number system comprises of digits from 0-9 i.e. 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 & 9. The base or radix of the decimal number system is 10 because total number of digits available in decimal number system is 10. It doesn’t imply that these 10 digits will represent only 10 quantities, but all the other digits can be expressed with the help of these numbers. Decimal number system is the most common number system which we use in our daily lives. If we want to deal with digital system … [Read more...] about Decimal Number System